This the SECOND warning regarding Gibb-style hooks. The first warning related to with low side force strength.
I mentioned earlier that I had been testing carabiners as a result of the Clipper Race fatality. There is a long article in Practical Sailor that describes, among other things, how certain carabiners can fail as low as 275 pounds if loaded from the side or clipped improperly. It gets worse.
You know how ISAF and ISO rules require locking carabiners because non-locking carabiners can twist off?
This was done with one hand, while the other held the camera. No special test gear.
The Spinlock Race Clip. The Plastimo Gibb hook behaves exactly the same way.
It seems that the original Gibb patented hook has been modified over the years. No only is it weaker, it does not really lock.
And this isn't just about u-bolts. In this video we show what happens if the carabiner is on a jackline and is pressed against a cleat or similar object.
Did this contribute to the Clipper accident? In fact, I think it may be the primary mechanism. The carabiner was clipped to a jackline that ran beside a cleat. When forced to the side against the cleat, the gate opened and the carabiner hooked the webbing. The resultant nose-hooked condition is very weak (failure starts at 275 pounds) and it soon failed.
So the Gibb-stle carabiners have not one, but FOUR fatal weaknesses:
- Gate can be forced open at 10-15% of EN climbing carabiner standard (20-30 pounds vs 225 pounds)
- Nose hook strength is 15-30% of typical (as low as 275 pounds).
- Side load strength is 10-20% of typical (as low as 275 pounds)
- Nose is prone to hooking. Should be key lock style.